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Sahajan, Munaga, Sondana, Segva

Our Trees - Drumstick tree

Species  : 

Moringa Olifiera

Other Names  :  Drumstick Tree,
Hindi Names  :  Sahajan, Munaga, Sondana, Segva,
Moringa Oleifera is one of the most cultivated tree in India. It is also known as drumstick tree, from the appearance of the long, slender, triangular seed pods. It is a small, shrub or tree that can reach 12m in height at maturity and can live for up to 20 years. It has deep roots, and therefore it can survive in dry regions, and a wide-open crown with a single stem. Moringa oleifera is a nutritious vegetable tree with a variety of potential uses. It is a fast-growing, drought-resistant tree; it is considered one of the world's most useful trees. Every part of the Moringa tree, from the roots to the leaves has beneficial properties that can serve humanity. Moringa Oleifera tree can be used for food or has some other beneficial property. In many countries, Moringa Oleifera is used as a micronutrient powder to treat diseases. Moringa grows in many subtropical areas, where malnutrition is most prevalent.
Leaves can be eaten fresh, cooked, or stored as dried powder for many months without refrigeration, and reportedly without loss of nutritional value. Moringa Oleifera is especially promising as a food source in the tropics because the tree is in full leaf at the end of the dry season when other foods are typically scarce. Moringa trees have been used to combat malnutrition, especially among infants and nursing mothers. 
In developing countries, moringa has potential to improve nutrition, boost food security, foster rural development, and support sustainable landcare. It may be used as forage for livestock, a micronutrient liquid, a natural anthelmintic and possible adjuvant.
A coarse fibre that is obtained from the bark is used in making mats, paper and cordage.
Mature seeds yield 38–40% edible oil called ben oil from its high concentration of behenic acid. The refined oil is clear, odorless and resists rancidity. Moringa seed oil also has potential for use as a biofuel.