Popular Trees in India

Thanks to its tropical climate, soil, landscape, peninsular shape and abundant water bodies that dot and streak across the country, India’s biodiversity is varied and dense. A wide variety of trees, plants and wildlife can thrive in India due to the distinct climatic zones that exist in the country. From tropical and dry to subtropical humid to mountain climate, the range in temperatures and elevations allow species of different kinds to survive. Below are a few trees that are native to the Indian sub-continent and are most commonly found in our forests:

Indian Mahogany (Swietania Mahogani)

The trunk of this tree is used to make furniture and musical instruments. Famous in the world for its durability and beautiful colour tones.

Ashoka Tree (Saraca Asoca)

Known for its evergreen, thick foliage, fragrant flowers and pointed top. It has beautiful flowers that bloom in bright yellow and orange in the months of February to April.

Gulmohar Tree (Delonix Regia)

The Gulmohar tree has large flamboyant orange flowers and a wide canopy for which reason it is known for its ornamental value. The wood of the Gulmohar tree is used to make agricultural implements, handles for carpentry tools, combs etc.

Curry Tree (Murraya Koenigii)

Tropical to sub-tropical is native to India and Sri Lanka. The leaves of this tree have also found their way into south Indian cooking and lend a distinct flavour and aroma to their cuisine. The tree also produces small black berries.

Peepal Tree (Ficus Religiosa)

An evergreen tree that is worshipped in many different Indian religions. Its distinguishing feature is its heart-shaped leaves with an extra drip that dance magically every time the wind runs through them.

Banyan Tree (Ficus Benghalensis)

The national tree of India, the Banyan tree has a large canopy and aerial prop roots. It is revered by Hindus and Buddhists alike and represents life and fertility.

Sal Tree (Shorea Robusta)

Native to the Indian sub-continent the Sal tree is known for its fine quality timber user to make furniture and other wood implements.

Arjuna Tree (Terminalia Arjuna)

Found on the banks of rivers this tree can be distinguished by its unusual fibrous woody fruit.

Neem Tree (Azadirachta Indica)

Neem is perhaps best known for its medicinal properties and is used in the preparation of making kinds of cosmetics such as shampoos, soaps, creams, ointments etc. It is also used to treat the pox virus and is used as a natural pesticide.

33 thoughts on “Popular Trees in India

  1. Delonix regia and Swietania Mahogani both species are not Indian species, and not commonly found in Indian forests. First species is from Madagascar and second one from North America. Both species are non-native species.

    • I disagree, both Mahogany and Gulmohar are native to India, during 17th century, both species were transported to other British colonies because of their wood.

    • I don’t think so…
      Delonix regia is a common tree observed almost in all places of India.
      And now days, Mahogani also commonly grown thesedays

    • Hello

      I’m building house in Punjab I would like to plant lots tree on south and west side of the property. My set back are 4 feet from property would like Narrow trees that shed leaves by Diwali so I can get some winter sun to warm house in winter, any Suggestions thank you

  2. Wood and Furniture Universities be promoted and establish Research Institutes with Skilled Labour Force be generated.Planting trees a must a part of subjects in schools.

  3. Good work done by your team. I am interested in having a list of all Native trees that are available in india. I would like to create a park covering all the above trees in my company campus and make it as a botanical library. Can your team provide the list soft copy, if you have the same.

    • Peepal, bohar, bael, amla, harad,bahera, sohajna,barna(varun),kachnar,kathal,mango, kadam,sheesham,kusum,palash,neem, rudraksh,chandan,sukhchain,jamun,arjun, goolar,yellow champak,harsingar, pilkan,amaltas,toon,karonda,falsa,toot,kikar, seemal all these are native Indian trees,all these have medicinal properties and also very good for enviornment.They all r beautiful too.There are more Indian tress besides these

    • I would suggest Miyawaki Forestry method which creates a small but very very dense (300 plants per 100 sq m) native/ indigenous/ regional forest consisting of 50-60 varieties of different plants that can be broadly categorized into 4 different types depending on height viz. Canopy (tall/ large trees), Trees, Small trees and shrubs planted randomly. There are some organizations like Afforestt which do this on outsourcing, also they may help for DIY (Do It Yourself) Lovers.

  4. Mahogany and Gulmohar are exotic trees. Please don’t promote them as indigenous. Do some research before you promote something.

    • You should remember the fact that Madagascar and Indian Subcontinent used to be together 88 mil years ago and it broke off from India.. So, Gulmohar was indigenous and native to both the places and first discovered in Madagascar , so the sources say that it is native to Madagascar..perhaps you should do some more research before commenting….

    • You should remember the fact that India and Madagascar used to be together 88 million years ago..So most of the trees are indigenous to both the lands and the fact that Gulmohar was discovered in Madagascar first made it native to the island by the sources depicted..perhaps you should do some research before commenting

  5. Every year i plant trees in monsoon. This year i planted neem and bakul tree. Everyone should plant one tree in a year to save nature and our future generations.

  6. I disagree, both Mahogany and Gulmohar are native to India, during 17th century, both species were transported to other British colonies because of their wood.

  7. Dear Admin,

    In india, Jacaranda tree is Also known as Nupur (नुपुर), neel mohar (नीलमोहर) or Neela Gulmohar (नीला गुलमोहर)

  8. Dear Nagarajan,
    I am also interested in similar thing.
    If you have received any list, could you please share it on s4sagars@ gmail.com

    Thanks

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