Trees for the benefit of Sloth Bears
The Periphery of Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India - Chinubhai Kalidass & Bros ( 25,000 Trees )
Reforestation program in the buffer zone will reduce biotic pressure, improve the soil and moisture regimes, revive the ecosystem, and improve availability of food for sloth bears. This in turn directly supports rural livelihoods through improved soil conditions, water protection, fuel-wood and grazing lands. Interference free corridors get established for the wild animals reducing human-animal conflict. We aim to restore the surrounding areas of the Sanctuary and mitigate the anthropogenic pressure in the core-areas. The plantation of 230,001 saplings would help restore the habitat.
The Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary (KWLS) covers parts of Udaipur, Rajasamand and Pali districts and is spread over an area of around 610 sq. km. It is located on the northern part of Udaipur in Rajasthan and forms an ecotone between hilly forests of Aravallis and Thar Desert and serves as a barrier, checking the eastward extension of the desert. This is the western most limit for Teak and a habitat to several threatened and vulnerable floral and faunal species. The protected area is home to several threatened and significant flora and fauna such as Sterculia urens, Schrebera swietenioides, Toona ciliata, Caesalpinia decapetala, Starred Tortoise, Marsh Crocodile or Mugger, Long-billed Vulture, White-rumped Vulture, Grey Junglefowl, Aravalli Red Spurfowl, Pangolin, Sloth Bear and the Leopard. But habitat fragmentation in the form of anthropogenic pressure prevails in this region, and failure to ensure proper conservation measures may threaten survival of these species. Sloth bear is an important species of this region. Studies reveal that about 40 plant species of the area impact the habitat of Sloth bears. Keeping in view that planting of multiple species at the periphery of Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary would help the wildlife in the region, only local species will be planted as per the biodiversity of the area. We also propose to plant saplings of local endemic forest tree species on the common lands of the villages located on the periphery of the protected areas. Improved vegetation outside the forest area to supplement the biomass needs of the local community and diversified farm and non-farm livelihood options of the community helps to reduce the dependency on the Sanctuary.
In India, their distribution is patchy, and mostly occurs in areas of forest cover. Sloth bears supplement their diet with fruit and plant matter.
IUCN' s Red List of Threatened Species has classified sloth bears as 'vulnerable", estimates that less than 20,000 sloth bears survive in the wild of the Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka, and highlighted that on the Indan subcontinent, "habitat loss has been severe". The sloth bear is listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, which provides for legal protection of sloth bears.
To address the human-bear conflict, apart from creating awareness amongst locals about conservation, the basic issue of deteriorating habitat, which is the reason for the conflict between people and bears, needs to be addressed. Improvements through government or community-based reforestation programmes are required.
The population of sloth bears grows when they live in high-profile reserves that protect species. Directly managed reserves and surrounding buffer zones could conserve the sloth bear and hence such areas must be supported.
"Sloth bears manage to get natural and cultivated plant food from the ground as well as from trees. Some 22 natural plants and 18 cultivated plant species were observed to be consumed by sloth bear in different seasons in the sanctuary. These 40 plant species were consumed in the form of young and mature leaves, flower buds, flowers, unripe/ripe fruits and also their seeds, bark, ariel roots and young stem shoots. Plant parts of different species are consumed round the year.......The higher proportion of plant food in the diet of sloth bear indicates that it is predominantly vegetarian as indicated in some previous studies (Prater, 1971; Johnsingh, 1986; Baskaran, 1990)".
(Source: Anil Kumar Chhangani's article "Food and Feeding of Sloth Bear (Melursus Ursinus) in Aravalli Hills of Rajasthan, FAO's TigerPaper Apr-Jun 2002, based on field work in Kumbhagarh Wildlife Sanctuary between 1994 and 2000)
1) Ficus spp. is evergreen and important source of food for birds and sloth bear. Ficus leaves can also be used as fodder for the livestock.
2) Ziziphus mauritiana, Ziziphus nummularia (ber) and Syzygium cumini (jamun) are important fruit bearing trees that are the primary food source for the sloth bears. The fruits of these trees are also collected by villagers.
3) Anogeissus pendula (Dhawa) and Anogeissus latifolia (Gorya Dhawa) are important trees of tropical thorny forests and important for the conservation of Pied-tits and also for the villagers as a collection of fuel wood.
4) Boswellia serrata (Salar) tree are important indicator species of Deciduous forests and also used by the villagers for fodder and gum extraction.
Grow-Trees.com is creating rural jobs, in remote areas where jobs are rare, in the nursery, planting and post-planting activity, amongst tribals and women. The 230,001 trees to be planted will create approximately 18,975 workdays of jobs in the nursery and planting activities alone. These trees will provide flowers, fruit, fodder and fuel to rural communities and living creatures, improve water catchment ,generate oxygen, reduce carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, fight climate change, and benefit a vulnerable species, the Sloth Bear.Adoption Summary:
|Name of the Company||Number of Trees Adopted||Year|
|Chinubhai Kalidass & Bros||25,000 trees||FY 2016-17|
|Pepperfry.com||40,000 trees||FY 2015-16|