|Botanical Name||:||Ficus benghalensis|
|Common Name||:||Bar, Banyan, Fig|
Ficus is a genus of about 850 species of woody trees, shrubs, vines, epiphytes and hemi-epiphytes in the family Moraceae. It is collectively known as fig trees or figs having a wide distribution throughout the tropics with a few species extending into the semi-warm temperate zone. The fig fruits are extremely important food resources for wildlife and of local economic importance as the locals also use the fruits as bush-food. Figs are also of considerable cultural importance throughout the tropics, both as objects of worship and for their many medicinal uses.Ficus is a pan-tropical genus occupying a wide variety of ecological niches; most are evergreen, but some deciduous species can also be found outside the tropics to higher elevations. Figs are considered a keystone species in many tropical forest ecosystems.
Ficus benghalensis is native to the Indian subcontinent. Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage. It is considered sacred in India, and temples are often built beneath; because of its large canopy coverage it provides useful shade in hot climates.