Trees for Tigers
Sariska Tiger Reserve, Rajasthan, India
Available for Adoption: 50,000 Trees
Trees for Forests & Wildlife
Plantation of local trees in a cluster of 300 hamlets located at the Periphery of Sariska Tiger Reserve, Alwar, Rajasthan, India.
- To restore the natural habitat of the tigers and other wildlife prominent in the region.
- To provide alternative livelihood opportunities to the local communities, preventing them from poaching, illegal mining, etc.
- To spread awareness within the communities about the importance of wildlife conservation by ensuring their participation in the plantation process.
- To advance the communities’ empowerment by providing a sustainable source of income through Non-Timber Forest Produce (NTFP).
The area around the Sariska Reserve is rich in mineral reserves and thus, illegal mining has been continued in spite of the ban on such activities, which has proved to be a major threat to the endemic tiger population (TNN, 2003). Abhishek Harihar, a tiger scientist for Panthera, a global wild cat conservation organization, states that poaching and infrastructure development act as the greatest threat to our forests and wildlife. Humongous conservation efforts are failing due to the prevalence of poaching.
Researchers point to the importance of tiger conservation owing to their ecological as well as their economic values. They form a very important part of the cultural heritage of India. Their habitat in the dry deciduous forests of Rajasthan enables them to hunt, reproduce, and camouflage from potential threats. Thus, trees are essential to tiger conservation.
Trees are also essential to the rural communities, for their survival as well as economic sustainability. The importance is spoken about by various researchers like Pant (1980), which includes that trees provide not only firewood but also mitigate against floods and disasters. A cost-benefit analysis is provided by (al., 2016) of the illegal wildlife trade, stating the importance of protecting wildlife and their habitat for the benefit of rural communities.
The tree species planted here include Indian Plum (Ziziphus mauritiana), Neem (Azadirachta indica), Salai (Boswellia serrata), Sahajan/Drumstick (Moringa oleifera), Agati (Sesbania grandiflora), Babool (Vachellia nilotica), Sheesham (Dalbergia sissoo), Lemon (Citrus limon), Papaya (Carica papaya), and Amla (Phyllanthus emblica).
The communities have together participated in all activities that are imperative for the rejuvenation of the lands and wildlife such as planting trees, setting up a seed bank, building and maintaining ponds, water harvesting. Many local species which include fruit trees and medicinal plants have been reintroduced in the areas and people are encouraged to use these resources judiciously, a step that will help preserve the biodiversity of the area and enable the local community to utilize the forest produce to generate revenue.
Due to the project, 24,558 workdays of jobs have been created, mainly in the nursery raising and planting activities. Major beneficiaries of such employment opportunities are rural women, who gain an additional source of income from these activities. Fully mature trees are already providing the communities with various forest resources. According to the forest department, the tigers ST6 and T10 have been sighted in the project area along with an increase in the peacock and deer population due to the restoration of their habitat. Enhancing and strengthening faunal diversity will be contributed to the inflow of tourists in the area boosting nature-based tourism.
The lack of tree cover in Rajasthan makes certain sections of the state prone to flooding from moderate to heavy rainfall as seen in the flash floods in Alwar in the year 2005 (TNN, 6 dead in Alwar flash floods, 2005). Trees intercept rainfall, reducing the erosive effect of the rainwater on soil and slowing down the accumulation of water in low lying areas. Loss due to landslides and soil erosion is triggered by the floods (Bengwayan, 2018). The trees planted thus not only contribute to the conservation of wildlife, but also provide safety against natural disasters.
|Name of the Company||Number of Trees Adopted||Fiscal Year|
|Hero Moto Corp||15,000||2017-18|
|Lotus Greens Developers Pvt. Ltd.||21,000||2013-14|
|Other Contributors (Individuals & Corporates)||149,024||NA|
Audit Excerpt for Sariska, Rajasthan
Total saplings planted in Alwar district were 100,000 around 200 hectares in 2016-17 and 2017-18. Due to lowest average rainfall, Grow-Trees partner Team had to make Contour Trenching for water harvesting planning in all the locations. Based on the survival of local species and suitability of the ecological conditions the saplings were selected. Every household participated in the planting or seeding activity. Members of the community institutions entrusted with the planting and supervising of operations played their role effectively in ensuring good quality of work. These multiple efforts have ensured the survival rate of 93%.
The planting has been carried out as per the plan and the approximate number of saplings physically verified is in agreement with the number of saplings planted (as per the report of Grow-Trees planting partner). We are of the opinion that looking to the steps taken by Grow-Trees planting partner i.e. location of the site, encouragement to planting and positive response from the village to save the planting, the result of the activity will be affirmative.