The Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) states that trees support a wide variety of other plants that provide food for the people as well as the animals. They also provide firewood, fruit, honey, wax, gum, etc. that are highly beneficial for the deprived local communities of the region. The Government of Australia, in its article, ‘Using Trees to Control Groundwater Recharge: How Many are Enough?’ (1999), discussed the importance of trees to control salinity and groundwater recharge. The World Agroforestry Centre explains the role of a tree in the various soil building and nurturing processes like nitrogen fixation, the addition of organic material, protecting it from the wind and water. The World Wildlife Fund stresses the importance of trees in the habitat of wild animals and their conservation. Thus trees form an extremely essential part of the needs of wild ecosystems.
Karanj (Pongamia pinnata), Teak (Tectona grandis), Ber (Zizphus spp.), Ardusa (Ailanthus excelsa) and Garmada (Cassia fistula).
The trees planted in the area will improve the agricultural conditions, by checking soil erosion and improving the water holding capacity of the soil in the arid climate. The plantation of mixed species will balance the nutrients absorbed from the soil, thus preventing the soil from turning infertile. The leaves falling from the trees will improve the humus content of the soil, reducing the need for chemical fertilisers. Along with this, they provide NTFPs to the communities dwelling in the area. The local fauna is also dependent on these native trees, and thus the plantation initiative also helps in preserving those species.
|Name of the Company
||Number of Trees Planted
|Randstad India Private Ltd
|World Wide Fund (WWF)
|Trendsutra Platform Services Pvt. Ltd.
|Croda India Company Pvt. Ltd.
|Other Contributors (Individuals and Corporates)
Independent Audit for Mahisagar, Gujarat
Total saplings planted in Mahisagar were 25,000 across 2 villages in 2018-19. Land covered under plantation is rock solid and less fertile. Under low productivity of farmlands and severe degradation of lands, the focus is to promote robust village institutions that can effectively address the degradation and low productivity of the land. Saplings are selected according to the ecological condition and observing the success ratio of the local species surviving there. In areas of adverse survival conditions, Grow-Trees planting partner adopted the strategy of 1+3 plantation, wherein one main sapling is planted along with 3 seeds of the local species which are successful in surviving the given ecological conditions These multiple efforts have ensured the survival rate of 96%.
The planting has been carried out as per the plan and the number of saplings physically verified agrees with the number of saplings planted (as per the report of Grow-Trees planting partner). We are of the opinion that looking to the steps taken by Grow-Trees planting partner, i.e., location of the site, encouragement to planting and positive response from the villagers to grow, nurture and monitor the planting, the result of the activity will be affirmative.