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Trees for Rural Communities, Kheda, Gujarat, India

10,000 Trees Adopted by IPCA Laboratories Ltd FY 2018-19

Project Purpose:

Trees for Rural Communities


Villages of Kheda district, Gujarat, India


Undulating topography and loose soil structure coupled with an increasing loss of vegetative cover over the years has led to severe ravination in common as well as private lands along the 75-mile long banks of the River Mahi. The adjacent areas along the coast of Khambat are characterized by vast stretches of saline mud flats where increasing salinity threatens the sources of water, and salt-laden winds adversely affect farm productivity.

Kheda is rich in biodiversity. The region serves as a habitat for a variety of plants and animals including several rare and endangered species such as the Guggal tree and the Lesser Florican and Sarus Crane. The project area is endowed with an enormous variety of bird species, reptiles, fish species, amphibians and tree species. Factors such as diversion of grazing lands to industries, salinity along the coast, and severe anthropogenic pressure on wetlands, have given rise to multiple problems in the region, all of which we aim to address over the coming years. Using low-cost soil and water conservation measures to support vegetation measures wherever needed, we have assisted local communities in bringing almost 1,146 of hectares of ravine-affected common lands along the Mahi under improved vegetative cover.

Important ecological and climatic factors:

The project area can be categorized into two areas – Ravine and Saline/Bhal wherein parts of the area consist of deeply eroded ravined lands along the banks of the river Mahi, while towards the west is the coastal region of the Gulf of Cambay characterized by vast stretches of highly alkaline tidal mudflats. The soils of the region besides the coastal areas vary from grey-brown soils to deep and shallow black soils. Vegetation is mainly of the dry deciduous type, and agro-climatically the region is a part of the northern plain and central highlands.

The region experiences a semi-arid climate with average annual rainfall is 700 to 1,100 mm and rainy days last between 30 and 45 days.

Flora Details:

The dominant forest type is Tropical Dry Deciduous Forest, the species to be planted here include:

Desi Babool (Acacia nilotica), Neem (Azadirachta indica), Bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus), Karanj (Pongamia pinnata), Saragva (Moringa oleifera), (Ber) Ziziphus spp)., Kasid (Cassia siamea) and Kothi (Limonia acidissima).

Adoption Summary:

Name of the Company Number of Trees Adopted Year
Blue Dart Express Ltd 36,000 trees FY 2017-18
Landmark Group 26,000 trees FY 2016-17