Trees for Rural Communities
Plantation of trees on the community lands of the upper catchments of Papagni River, in the villages of Venkatakrishnahalli, Dibburhalli Gram Panchayat, Siddlaghatta Taluk, Chikkaballapur District; G Cherlopalli, Grothpalli Grama Panchayat, Bagepalli Taluka, Chikkaballapur District; Laxmipura Grama Panchayat, Srinivaspura Taluka, Kolar District, Chintamani, Karnataka, India.
Non-Timber Forest Produce like fruit, fodder, fuel, raisins, bark, gum, wood, that provide the domestic needs of the community and also form basic raw materials for small and micro enterprises, that often support these communities. Incorporating sustainability in the conservation process, contributes to poverty alleviation by generating proper income for the community, according to the article by Jason Donovan et al. ‘The business side of sustainable forest management: Small and medium forest enterprise development for poverty reduction’, published by the Overseas Development Institute and the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. The Hindu report of 13th December 2016 highlights the role of native trees in providing protection against natural disasters. The topsoil, essential for the survival of human beings incessantly eroded by the natural agents like wind and water in absence of tree cover. The native trees conserve them against such adversities. The 5th September 2018 issue of the Hindu mentions the economic losses endured by Karnataka due to soil loss.
The tree species planted here include jam (Acacia acuminata) nerale(Syzygium cumini), hunse(Shorea robusta), seemathangadi(Alstonia scholaris), honge(Millettia pinnata), maddi(Terminalia arjuna), seege (Saraca asoca), neem(Azadhirachta indica), atti(Ficus racemosa), bage(Albizia lebbeck), kamara(Hardwickia binata), sitaphal(Annona reticulata), tapasi(Saraca asoca) and palavareni(Shorea robusta).
The wildlife found here includes the yellow-throated bulbul, starred tortoise, red sand boa and Kolar leaf-nosed bat.
The non-timber forest resources have increased both in terms of quality as well as quantity and communities are procuring them for personal consumption and the surplus for selling in local markets. The leaves of butea for crafting leaf plates, grass for making broomsticks, berries etc. provide commercial opportunities and small-scale forest-based industry, thus providing a steady income source to the forest dwellers. The continuous regeneration of the trees will ensure the steady flow of resources ensuring stainability.
The trees protect the community from the various natural disasters as they are well adapted to the climatic and soil conditions and are able to withstand the natural disasters.
The trees, when mature, will provide food and fodder to the cattle, thus preventing them from venturing inside the forest, in the territories of the wild animals. Due to improvement in the vegetative coverage that soil erosion is also being reduced. Due to improved water levels the drinking water sources and agriculture in the nearby areas, have seen improvement. The trees planted play an important part in absorbing the carbon and help in regulating the climate.