Trees for Forests & Wildlife

Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India

25,000 Trees Adopted by Croma FY 2018-19

Project Purpose
Trees for Forests & Wildlife
 
Location
Plantation of 50,000 indigenous trees in the community lands of Banora, Mandawari, Jawadiya Joona, Shivpura, Nandwai and Umerthuna villages around the Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India.
 
Aim

  • Growing indigenous trees, thus creating employment opportunities and benefiting the environment and wildlife simultaneously.
  • Involvement of indigenous communities to increase awareness about the importance of wildlife in the area and the contribution of the trees in their conservation. 
  • Provide forest resources for the community thus giving them alternate livelihood opportunities.
  • Conservation of the soil, atmospheric, water resources of the area.

Why trees?
Plantation of indigenous trees will provide the food and shelter requirements of the animals of the sanctuary thus facilitating their conservation. The sanctuary, an important Eco Sensitive Zone has a rich wealth of diverse wildlife and forms an important gene pool of our country. The trees here also provide a variety of forest products to support the communities living around the forest. These trees are adapted to the local climate and soil structure and thus are indispensable for the survival of the animal dependent on them, says the Department of Natural Sciences, the state of Minnesota. The 13th December 2016 issue of the Hindu mentions how the native trees can withstand adverse climatic conditions and protect the ecology of the area. ‘Role of non-timber forest products in a subsistence economy: The case of a joint forestry project in India’, by Paul P. Appasamy, mentions the importance of the forest products in the livelihood of the forest dwellers. Thus the area requires the plantation of the trees to lend support to both the animals in the forest and the people living at the periphery.

Flora  
A variety of species of flora and fauna are inhabitants of the sanctuary. Local species of trees such as Sisham(Dalbergia sissoo), Siras(Albizia lebbeck),  Bamboo(Bambusa vulgaris), Imli(Tamarindus indica), Kachnar(Bauhinia variegata), Karanj(Millettia pinnata), Neem (Azadirachta indica), Awala(Phyllanthus emblica), Custard Apple(Annona reticulata), Gulmohar(Delonix regia) and Amaltas(Cassia fistula) are being planted here.

Fauna
The Wildlife sanctuary is known for its residents such as the Panther, Leopard, Wildcat, Indian Gazelle, Hyena, Jackal, Crocodile, Wild Boar, Mongoose, Fox, Porcupine, Hare, Cranes and Four Horned Antelope. White-backed Vulture, White scavenger Vulture are some of the threatened bird species along with some common species that are Open-billed stork Painted, Black ibis, Spoonbill, Paradise flycatcher, Grey hornbill are also found in the sanctuary.

 
Social Impact
The Ministry of Environment, Forests & Climate Change (MoEFCC), Government of India has notified Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary as an Eco-Sensitive Zone (ESZs). The purpose of declaring an eco-sensitive zone around national parks and sanctuaries is to create a ‘shock absorber’ for the protected areas. Plantation of indigenous trees aims at the regeneration of degraded forests to maintain the habitat of the local flora and extending vegetative cover on the uplands to reduce and reverse the devastating effects of soil erosion and run-off water. This not only will enhance the environmental conditions in the area but also empower tribal communities with natural resources like fruit, fodder and non-timber forest produce.
Trees provide shelter and food to a variety of birds and animals. They also protect the soil and water from erosion and contamination during natural disasters. Flowers, fruits, leaves, buds and woody parts of trees are consumed by many different species. Bacteria and fungi contained in tree parts cause decay which makes nesting easier for some birds and increases soil fertility and structure for furrowing by other land animals. Trees also provide shade, filter water and reduce air temperatures and contribute to the overall health of aquatic ecosystems.

Adoption Summary

Name of the Company Number of Trees Planted Fiscal Year
Croma 25,000 2018-19
The House of Anita Dongre 25,000 2017-18

 

Target Completed


Planters

Audit Excerpt for Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan

25,000 saplings were planted in total, across 4 villages of the district, located on Brahmani riverbank in 2017-18. Grow-Trees partner team in areas of adverse survival conditions adopted the strategy of 1+3 plantation, wherein one main sapling is planted along with 3 seeds of the local species which are successful in surviving the given ecological conditions. The Success ratio of planting works to be 83.2% even in adverse conditions.

The approximate number of saplings physically verified is in agreement with the number of saplings planted (as per the report of Grow-Trees partner team). We are of the opinion that looking to the steps taken by Grow-Trees and its partner team, i.e., location of the site, encouragement to planting and positive response from the villages to save the planting, the result of the activity will be affirmative.

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