Trees for Villagers
Kolar, Karnataka, India
25,000 Trees Project- Adopted by DCB BANK
Trees for Rural Communities
Plantation of 25,000 trees on the government lands of the upper catchments of Papagni River, covering parts of Kolar districts near the villages of Chirkorapalli, Yaguva Thummalapalli, Baltamari, M Kurrupalli, Sanakamvaripalli, Pathuraghadda, Malamotakapalli, Ammagaripete, Kottapete, Anepalli & Gundlapalya in Chintamani, Kolar district, Karnataka.
- Preserve and improve environmental conditions.
- Provide sustainable livelihood opportunities to the forest dwellers.
- Improve the groundwater and soil conditions to improve agricultural output.
- Alleviate the effects of climate change by sequestering carbon.
The forest provides the community with forest products like honey, mushrooms, fruits like mangoes, tamarind, cane which supports the livelihood of the people, as mentioned in the article by Indu K. Murthy et al. submitted to the World Forestry Congress, 2003. In a research article by Samson Foli et al., titled “To what extent does the presence of forests and trees contribute to food production in humid and dry forest landscapes?: a systematic review protocol”, the authors list several ways in which trees contribute to agriculture like, food and fodder, water retention, nutrient cycling, pollination services, habitat for beneficial species, natural pest control, soil formation, water regulation, climate regulation, genetic biodiversity. One of the most important problems faced by the forest community are man-animal conflicts, to minimize which planting of trees to form animal proof areas are highly recommended. These are meant to provide the animals with fodder, water and shelter to prevent them from coming into the human habitations to fulfil their needs as mentioned by Kalyan Das, Conservator of Forests, Wildlife (Headquarters) West Bengal, Teri University. Thus local trees are of utmost importance in the life and livelihood of the local communities of a particular region and the tree plantation project in the area seeks to take care of it.
The floral species planted in the area include bamboo (Dendrocalamus strictus), nayi nerale (Syzygium cumini), sugar apple (Annona squqamosa), neem (Azadirachta indica), golden flower (Cassia Fistula), black siris (Albizzia odoratissima), indigo (Wrightia tinctorial), kassod (Cassia siamea), karanj (Pongemia pinnata), jam (Acacia acuminata) nerale(Syzygium cumini), hunse(Shorea robusta), seemathangadi(Alstonia scholaris), honge(Millettia pinnata), maddi(Terminalia arjuna), seege (Saraca asoca), neem(Azadhirachta indica), atti(Ficus racemosa), bage(Albizia lebbeck), kamara(Hardwickia binata), sitaphal(Annona reticulata), tapasi (Saraca asoca) and palavareni(Shorea robusta).
The faunal species present in the area include the yellow-throated bulbul, starred tortoise, red sand boa and Kolar leaf-nosed bat.
The community residing in the nearby area depends on forests heavily for their personal and commercial needs. The local trees in the nearby areas adapt to the local conditions easily without requiring excessive maintenance. They provide forest products, recharge the groundwater table, add nutrients to the soil to improve the agricultural produce, provide fodder for the cattle and regulate the imbalance in the environment like absorbing carbon and releasing oxygen. Hence the trees influence the overall environment for the rural communities by providing them with food, livelihood opportunities and protecting them against natural calamities and environmental changes. They also provide shelter and food to the local animals thereby conserving the local biodiversity.
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