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Trees for Sloth Bears

Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India

Available for Adoption: 1,330 Trees

Project Purpose
Trees for Forests & Wildlife

Location

Plantation of local tree species on the community lands among the village ranges of Obra Khurd, Rawaliya Kalan, Jhunjharpura, Jhadoli, Rawaliya Kalan Chak, Dingari, Punawali, Jemli, Obra Kalan, Nalodar, and Rawaliya Khurd, situated at the Periphery of Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary in Rajasthan, India. 

 

Aim

Groundwater

Recharge

Reduction of

Man-Animal Conflict

Generation of

Rural Employment

Control Soil Erosion

Improvement of

Wildlife Habitats

Why trees?
The sloth bear is a myrmecophagous bear species native to the Indian subcontinent, that feeds on fruits, ants, and termites. "Sloth bears manage to get natural and cultivated plant food from the ground as well as from trees. Some 22 natural plants and 18 cultivated plant species were observed to be consumed by sloth bears in different seasons in the sanctuary. The higher proportion of plant food in the diet of sloth bear indicates that it is predominantly vegetarian as indicated in some previous studies (Prater, 1971; Johnsingh, 1986; Baskaran, 1990)". [Source: Anil Kumar Chhangani's article "Food and Feeding of Sloth Bear (Melursus Ursinus) in Aravalli Hills of Rajasthan”]

It is listed as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, mainly because of habitat loss and degradation. In India, their distribution is patchy and mostly occurs in areas of forest cover. According to The Livemint’s article - ‘Scientists map sloth bear hotspots in India’, “Due to loss of habitat and poaching, their population has declined by 30-49% over the past 30 years. The authors proposed that the sloth bear could be considered a potential ‘umbrella species’, a species whose conservation allows for the preservation of a much larger spectrum of biodiversity in their habitats. Although no reliable large-scale population estimates exist for sloth bears, guesstimates hint there are 20,000 or fewer sloth bears, and thus less than 10,000 adults, according to the IUCN.” The sloth bear is listed in Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, which provides for the legal protection of sloth bears. The population of sloth bears grows when they live in high-profile reserves that protect species. Directly managed reserves and surrounding buffer zones could help in the conservation of the sloth bear, hence, such areas must be maintained.

The report by the Foundation for Ecological Security, ‘Assessment of Biodiversity in Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary: A Conservation Perspective’ states the presence of the floral and faunal species in Kumbhalgarh forest and their vulnerability. The report also mentions the importance of the community’s awareness regarding the importance of trees and sustainable development in order to eradicate poverty. Importance of tree plantation especially in the arid areas is mentioned by Eduardo Rojas, FAO's Assistant Director-General, to BBC News, where he mentioned the role of trees in halting desertification, contributing to the livelihood of the local community and the ecology of the area. In a developing country like ours, with enormous population pressure, the effects of desertification are far-reaching, leading to great losses evident in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Thus, plantation of trees is a major factor to protect natural resources and ensure sustainable development.

Social Impact
The primary aim is to protect the habitat of the sloth bears by preventing the fragmentation of the forest to aid their conservation. The plantation at the periphery will make the buffer zone robust allowing the community to extract forest products to support their livelihood, eliminating encroachment into forest lands and prevent the bears from venturing into human settlements, which in turn will prevent human-animal conflict. The trees will generate over employment for the community during nurturing and plantation of the sapling and then after maturity will provide the beneficiaries with forest products and fodder for cattle, and thus will prevent their involvement in poaching activities. They will also improve the soil and water quality, improving agriculture and will improve the overall environment by absorbing carbon and generating oxygen.

Adoption Summary

Name of the Company Number of Trees Planted Fiscal Year
HDFC Bank Ltd. 40,000 2020-21
Corning Technologies India Pvt Ltd 5,000 2020-21
Amulya MICA 15,000 2019-20
Croma 30,000 2018-19
Tree Species
  • Mahua, Mahwa, Madhuka1
    Common Name
    Mahua or Mahwa Tree

    Botanical Name
    Madhuca longifolia
  • Ber
    Common Name
    Ber

    Botanical Name
    Ziziphus mauritiana Lam.
  • Babool, Babul
    Common Name
    Babool

    Botanical Name
    Vachellia nilotica
  • Arjun
    Common Name
    Arjuna

    Botanical Name
    Terminalia Arjuna
  • Neem
    Common Name
    Neem

    Botanical Name
    Azadirachta indica
  • Amla
    Common Name
    Amla or Indian Gooseberry

    Botanical Name
    Emblica officinalis
  • Karanj
    Common Name
    Karanj

    Botanical Name
    Pongamia pinnata
  • Siris
    Common Name
    Siris

    Botanical Name
    Albizia Lebbeck
  • Baheda
    Common Name
    Baheda

    Botanical Name
    Terminalia bellirica
  • Jamun
    Common Name
    Jamun

    Botanical Name
    Syzygium cumini
  • Bamboo
    Common Name
    Bamboo

    Botanical Name
    Bambusa vulgaris
  • Kachnar
    Common Name
    Kachnar

    Botanical Name
    Bauhinia variegata
  • Calcutta Bamboo
    Common Name
    Calcutta Bamboo

    Botanical Name
    Dendrocalamus strictus
  • Palash
    Common Name
    Palash

    Botanical Name
    Butea monosperma
  • Indian Elm
    Common Name
    Indian Elm

    Botanical Name
    Holoptelea integrifolia
  • Khirni
    Common Name
    Khirni or Patla

    Botanical Name
    Manilkara hexra
  • Sal
    Common Name
    Sal

    Botanical Name
    Shorea robusta
  • Khair
    Common Name
    Khair

    Botanical Name
    Senegalia catechu
  • White Babul
    Common Name
    White Babul

    Botanical Name
    Acacia Leucophloea
  • Fig
    Common Name
    Fig

    Botanical Name
    Ficus racemosa
  • Mango
    Common Name
    Mango

    Botanical Name
    Mangifera indica
  • Gum Arabic Tree
    Common Name
    Gum Arabic Tree

    Botanical Name
    Acacia nilotica


Planters

Audit for Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan

INDEPENDENT AUDIT
Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan

Excerpt

A total of 30,000 saplings were planted in Dhol, Bhimji ka Guda, Obra Kalan, Rawaliya Kalan, and Rawaliya Khurd villages of Udaipur, Rajasthan during 2019-20. Saplings are selected according to the ecological condition and observing the success ratio of the local species surviving there. The team has been taking up activities such as planting of endemic species, weeding, and seeding apart from allowing natural regeneration towards restoration process. The focus of Grow-Trees Planting Partner is to promote robust village institutions that can effectively address the degradation and low productivity of land. Grow-Trees planting partner, in few areas, has adopted the strategy of extra plantation, wherein extra saplings help to maintain the survival ratio of the local species that are planted. The success ratio of the plantation activity is 95.29%.

The planting has been carried out as per the plan and the approximate number of saplings physically verified is in agreement with the number of saplings planted (as per the report of Grow-Trees planting partner). We are of the opinion that looking to the steps taken by Grow-Trees planting partner, i.e., location of the site, encouragement to planting and positive response from the village to save the planting, the result of the activity will be affirmative.

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