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Trees for Biodiversity

Theni-Dindigul, Tamil Nadu, India

Available for Adoption: 15,000 Trees

Project Purpose
Trees for Water

Location

Plantation of local tree saplings adjoining the Manjalar Dam Watershed, situated in Periyakulam Taluk of Theni District and the Kuthiraiyar Dam Watershed, situated in Palani Taluk of Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India. The plantation area is located amidst Periyar and the Anamalai Tiger Reserves.

Aim

Carbon Sequestration

Increase in

Green Cover

Generation of

Rural Employment

Control Soil Erosion

Conservation of

Water Table

Why trees?
“Sedimentation and siltation of reservoirs is a matter of vital concern in all water bodies” (Compendium of silting of reservoirs in India, April 2015). Optimal management of water resources is the prime necessity of our time, owing to the growing population and development. To check surface run-off and sediment flow to water bodies, plantation of the right tree species can be an efficient solution, enhancing biodiversity habitats and the forest products that can be utilised by locals. Vegetation and plant debris slow surface runoff, preventing sediment and sediment-bound contaminants from entering surface water. Once in the soil, contaminants can be immobilized and transformed by soil microbes or taken up by vegetation. Groundwater flowing through the root zone is also filtered by these processes. Additionally, trees can trap windblown dust before it enters stream and lakes’ (United States Department of Agriculture). Thus, the plantation of the right local tree species with the help of our planting partner, UEF, along the catchment of the Manjalar helps in improving the water quality with a check on reservoir siltation with enhanced carbon sequestration potential.

Social Impact
Plantation of valued tree trees among the identified sites will enhance the biodiversity of the region. Local livelihoods are mostly dependent on forest resources such as fruit, fodder, gum, honey, biomass, fuelwood, etc. The local economy comprising of families living below the poverty line will improve over time. The selected area is inhabited mostly by the Palaiyar community. They are traditional nomadic hunter-gatherers, honey hunters, and foragers. The Palaiyar community livelihood subsists on trades of forest products, food cultivation, and beekeeping. Some work intermittently as wage labourers, mostly on plantations. (Culture and lifestyle of Paliyan tribes, Social Research Journal, K Shenbaham). Locals show a high dependency on forest resources. They collect Jamun, amla, neem, tamarind, wild-honey, and fish.

Coconut, maize, paddy, sugarcane, and mango are major cash crops in the region. Increasing incidences of crop depredation from wild animals like wild boar, monkey, bison, deer cause major damages to this sensitive local economy. Additionally, implementing the project would be able to create about 3,000 rural workdays, supplementing to sensitive local economy reaching out to nearly 200 households mainly living below the poverty line. The project would also create awareness and involve the community directly in conservation action taking sustainable developmental pathways.

Adoption Status:

Name of the Company Number of Trees FY
World Wide Fund (WWF) 15,000 2019-20
Larsen & Toubro Infotech 7,500 2018-19
Tree Species
  • Mahua, Mahwa, Madhuka1
    Common Name
    Mahua or Mahwa Tree

    Botanical Name
    Madhuca longifolia
  • Shisham, Sisu, Sheeshami
    Common Name
    Shisham or Sheeshami

    Botanical Name
    Dalbergia sissoo Roxb. ex DC.
  • Arjun
    Common Name
    Arjuna

    Botanical Name
    Terminalia Arjuna
  • Neem
    Common Name
    Neem

    Botanical Name
    Azadirachta indica
  • Karanj
    Common Name
    Karanj

    Botanical Name
    Pongamia pinnata
  • Seemathangadi
    Common Name
    Seemathangadi

    Botanical Name
    Cassia siamea
  • Jamun
    Common Name
    Jamun

    Botanical Name
    Syzygium cumini
  • Bamboo
    Common Name
    Bamboo

    Botanical Name
    Bambusa vulgaris
  • Custard Apple
    Common Name
    Custard Apple

    Botanical Name
    Annona squamosa
  • Salwood
    Common Name
    Salwood

    Botanical Name
    Adenanthera pavonina
  • Garmada
    Common Name
    Garmada

    Botanical Name
    Cassia fistula
  • Indigo
    Common Name
    Indigo

    Botanical Name
    Wrightia tinctoria
  • Gulmohar
    Common Name
    Gulmohar

    Botanical Name
    Delonix regia
  • Khair
    Common Name
    Khair

    Botanical Name
    Acacia catechu
  • Kino
    Common Name
    Kino

    Botanical Name
    Pterocarpus marsupium
  • Katmauli
    Common Name
    Katmauli

    Botanical Name
    Bauhinia racemosa
  • Indian Elm
    Common Name
    Indian Elm

    Botanical Name
    Holoptelea integrifolia
  • Bel
    Common Name
    Bel

    Botanical Name
    Aegle marmelos
  • Acacia
    Common Name
    Acacia

    Botanical Name
    Acacia auriculiformis
  • Copper Pod
    Common Name
    Copper Pod

    Botanical Name
    Peltophorum ferrugineum
  • Maulsari
    Common Name
    Maulsari

    Botanical Name
    Mimusops elengi
  • Saona
    Common Name
    Saona

    Botanical Name
    Lagerstroemia indica
  • Calabash
    Common Name
    Calabash

    Botanical Name
    Crescentia cujete
  • Wood Apple
    Common Name
    Wood Apple

    Botanical Name
    Feronia limonia
  • Piangani
    Common Name
    Piangani

    Botanical Name
    Dalgia Paniculata
  • White Babul
    Common Name
    White Babul

    Botanical Name
    Acacia Leucophloea
  • Krishna Siris
    Common Name
    Krishna Siris

    Botanical Name
    Albizia amara
  • Behada
    Common Name
    Behada

    Botanical Name
    Terminalia bellirica


Planters

Audit for Manjalar, Tamil Nadu

INDEPENDENT AUDIT
Manjalar, Tamil Nadu

Excerpt

Total saplings planted in Theni were 7,500 in 2018-19. A different type of seeds for planting were collected from the forest and used for nursery. Saplings were selected according to the ecological conditions and observing the success ratio of the local species surviving there. Plantation of endemic species, weeding and seeding apart from allowing natural regeneration are the methods adopted for restoration of degraded areas. These efforts have ensured the success ratio to be 81%

The planting has been carried out as per the plan and the number of saplings physically verified agrees with the number of saplings planted (as per the report of Grow-Trees partner). We are of the opinion that looking to the steps taken by Grow-Trees partner, i.e., location of the site, encouragement to planting and positive response from the village to grow, nurture and monitor the planting, the result of the activity will be affirmative.

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