|Botanical Name||Alnus nepalensis|
Trees up to 15 m tall; bark gray or dark gray, smooth. Branchlets dark brown, sparsely yellow pubescent when young, glabrescent. Buds stipitate, with 2 glabrous, ribbed scales. Petiole robust, 1-2.5 cm, subglabrous; leaf blade obovate-lanceolate, obovate-oblong, ovate, or elliptic, 4-16 × 2.5-10 cm, abaxially with dense, resinous glands, yellow pubescent along veins, bearded in axils of lateral veins, adaxially glabrous, base cuneate or broadly cuneate, rarely subrounded, margin entire or remotely minutely serrate, apex abrupt or acute, rarely acuminate; lateral veins 8-16 on each side of the midvein.
Female inflorescences numerous, in a panicle, ellipsoid, 2-2.2 cm × 7-8 mm; peduncle robust, 2-8 mm, glabrous; bracts ca. 4 mm, woody, persistent, base cuneate, apex rounded, 5-lobed. Nutlet oblong, ca. 2 mm, with membranous wings, ca. 1/2 as wide as nutlet. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 28, 56.