Trees for Farmers

Harda, Madhya Pradesh, India

Project Purpose
Trees for Farmers

Location
The project activity was carried out during the financial year 2016-17 in the Harda district, covering village ranges of Gahal, Balagaon, Ehalvada, Kathadi, and Gondagaon Kalan. The villages are situated adjoining the banks of the river Narmada and its tributaries, mainly Ajnal, Sukhni, Bakud, and Ganjal in Madhya Pradesh, India.

Aim

  • To protect the topsoil of the region from various kinds of erosion, namely splash erosion, sheet erosion, rill erosion, and gully erosion.
  • To improve the groundwater table of the region and enhance the availability of water for agriculture and agroforestry.
  • To reduce the man-animal interaction in order to prevent losses due to the rise in conflicts between the two.
  • To provide greener pastures for the herbivores, preventing the destruction of farmers’ crops.
  • To absorb carbon dioxide and improve the overall environmental conditions.

Why trees?
“Trees act as windbreaks and protect the valuable topsoil from erosion, which in turn retains the fertility of the soil, thereby, aiding in agriculture and providing with a good produce”, according to Clive David, University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, College of Natural Resources. The State Government of Victoria stresses the contribution of trees in improving groundwater recharge. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) also mentions the importance of trees in contributing to the protection of soil and in improving its quality, leading to healthy crops and eventually ensuring food security. The Guardian mentions the importance of trees in pest control and soil nourishment. Thus, to improve the agricultural output as well as the overall environment of an area, trees are extremely important. 

The teak is a large, deciduous tropical tree and is widely established throughout the tropics due to its multi-dimensional agro-environmental benefits. Plantation of the teak is beneficial in the protection of water and soil resources by reducing bulk density, increasing the availability of nutrients and producing and storing more organic material. Teak has the highest capacity for carbon sequestration among the other trees in India. Because of its limited closure of the species canopy, teak enables farmers to diversify production, reduce farm risk, contribute to food security and generate income opportunities.

Bamboo is a fast-growing species, having an average height of 20-30mtr and it grows the best along riverbanks or valleys with fertile and moist soil. Plantation of Bamboo will function as carbon sinks, provide organic matter, and regulate water levels in watersheds. It is a sustainable resource because of its vegetation spreads which allows the formation of forests much faster as compared to other tree species. Moreover, a bamboo plantation in and around crop fields creates bio-fence which is helpful in tackling human-wildlife conflict. Unlike other types of commercial forestry crops where trees must be clear-cut and replanted, in bamboo plantations only mature stems are harvested while younger stems are left untouched to mature and develop.

Tree Species
The tree species planted here include Teak (Tectona grandis) and Bamboo (Bambusa spp.). After elaborate analysis and research, these tree species were chosen to enhance the socio-economic status of the farmers, providing them with alternate means of livelihood.

Social Impact
Plantation of local trees along the riverbanks could be the most effective restoration project, enhancing the overall ecological health and ecosystem services. On maturity, these trees have the capability to sequestrate approximately 120,000 kgs of carbon annually while also generating over 4,900 workdays of rural employment. The trees planted will help to reduce the risk of flooding, act as security for the farmers’ crops, help in conserving the soil and will also help to rejuvenate the water table near the riverbanks. They will provide shade, clean the soil and filter the water percolating through it by absorbing chemicals and other pollutants. The tree plantation project will also be beneficial in reducing the harmful effects of concentrated industrial-chemical wastes and in controlling surface run-off.

Plant Now


Planters

Sri has GIFTED A Bountiful Tree
Jaipuria Indore Campus has GIFTED A Bountiful Tree
Jaipuria Indore Campus has GIFTED A Bountiful Tree
Audit Excerpt for Harda, Madhya Pradesh

Total planting was 2,02,500 around border of the village farmers land in 2016 and 2017 monsoon. The Plantings have been carried out as per the plan and the approximate number of saplings physically verified is in agreement with the number of saplings planted .
The project areas have diversified habitats like agriculture area, wet-land, grassland, open scrub land, hilly terrain and other types of habitats.
The success ratio of Planting works to be 100%. We are of the opinion that looking to the steps taken by Grow-Trees partner team i.e. location of the site, encouragement to planting and positive response from the village to save the Planting, as well as current year’s rainfall, the result of the activity will be affirmative.

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